Meditations for the Lord’s Prayer

This is a subsidiary post of The Lord’s Prayer.

Matthew 6:5-9

Luke 11:1-2

Luke 11:5-8
Luke 11:9-13 (Matt 7:7-11)

Hebrews 4:16

Hebrews 11:6


Ecclesiastes 5:1-2

Hosea 14:1-3

Meditations in the Lord’s Prayer

This is a subsidiary post of The Lord’s Prayer.

Our Father who is in heaven,  (Matt 6:9)
Father,  (Luke 11:2)

“Father…in heaven”  –  Matt 23:9; Luke 15:18, 21; John 11:41; 12:28; 17:1

“Father”  –  Matt 26:39, 42; Mark 14:36; Luke 22:42; 23:34; Rom 8:15; Gal 4:6; 1 Pet 1:17

“heaven”  –  Matt 5:34; Luke 18:13;; Ps 115:3, 16; Is 66:1  –  See also “On earth as it is in heaven” below.

Hallowed be Your name.  (Matt 6:9)
hallowed be Your name.  (Luke 11:2)

“Your name”  –  Ps 115:1

Your kingdom come.  (Matt 6:10)
Your kingdom come.  (Luke 11:2)

Ps 22:28; Ob 1:21

Your will be done,  (Matt 6:10)

Matt 21:28-32; 26:39, 42, 44 (Mark 14:36, 39; Luke 22:42); John 5:30; 1 Pet 4:2

On earth as it is in heaven.  (Matt 6:10)

Matt 5:34-35; Matt 9:6-8 (Mark 2:10-12; Luke 5:24-26); 1 Pet 1:17;; Ps 8:1-9; 89:11; 115:16; Eccl 5:2

Give us this day our daily bread.  (Matt 6:11)
Give us each day our daily bread.  (Luke 11:3)

“Give”  –  Matt 7:11 (Luke 11:13)

“us”  –  Luke 11:5-8

“day,” “daily”  –  Matt 6:34; 2 Cor 4:16

“bread”  –  Matt 4:4 (Luke 4:4); Matt 5:6; Matt 7:7-11 (Luke 11:5-8); Matt 16:5-12; Luke 15:17-19; John 4:32, 34; 6:27, 31-35, 41, 48-58, 60; Rev 2:17;; Is 55:10-11; Jer 15:16

And forgive us our debts, as we also have forgiven our debtors.  (Matt 6:12)
And forgive us our sins, For we ourselves also forgive everyone who is indebted to us.   (Luke 11:4)

Matt 5:7; 6:14-15; 18:21-35; Mark 11:25-26; Luke 6:36; 17:3-4; 18:13; 23:34; Heb 8:12 (Jer 31:34)

And do not lead us into temptation, but deliver us from evil.  (Matt 6:13)
And lead us not into temptation.  (Luke 11:4)

Matt 26:41 (Mark 14:38; Luke 22:40, 46)

[For Yours is the kingdom and the power and the glory forever.  Amen.]
(Matt 6:13)

“Yours is the kingdom”  –  See “Your kingdom come” above.

“Yours is…the power”  –  Matt 22:29; 1 Cor 12:9;; Ps 110:3

“Yours is…the glory”  –  Luke 24:26; John 1:14; 5:41-44; 7:18; 12:41; 1 Pet 1:11;; Ps 115:1

Jesus Our Hope

This is a subsidiary post of Hope.

Matthew 12:21 (quoting Isaiah 42:4 below)  –  Messiah would be the hope of the Gentiles.

John 5:45  –  This is verse does not reference Jesus as our hope but is included because it helps us understand the concept of setting one’s hope in someone.

Romans 15:12 (quoting Isaiah 11:10 below)

1 Corinthians 15:19

Ephesians 1:12

Colossians 1:27

1 Thessalonians 1:3

1 Timothy 1:1

1 Peter 1:3

1 Peter 1:13


Psalm 130:5

Psalm 130:7

Psalm 131:3

Isaiah 11:10 (quoted in Romans 15:12 above)  – It’s the LXX version that’s being quoted (“…nations shall hope in him…” – NETS).

Isaiah 42:4 (quoted in Matthew 12:21 above)  –  It’s the LXX version that’s being quoted (“…and nations will hope in his name.” – NETS).


LXX – The Septuagint

NETS – A New English Translation of the Septuagint

The Scope of Christ’s Authority

Or, “The Extent of Christ’s Authority”
Or, “The Extent of Messianic Authority”

This is a subsidiary post of The Authority of Christ.

The authority of Christ extends in all directions.  There is no person or place that is excluded from His dominion.

Bold print added to the verses below for the purpose of emphasis.

Matthew 28:18-20  –  “…’All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth.  Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations…”

Mark 16:15  –  “…’God into all the world and preach the gospel to all creation.'”

Luke 24:46-47  –  “…’…the Christ would suffer and rise again from the dead the third day, and that repentance for forgiveness of sins would be proclaimed in His name to all the nations…'”

John 3:16-17  –  “For God so loved the world…For God did not send the Son into the world to judge the world, but that the world might be saved through Him.

John 4:41-42  –  “…this One is indeed the Savior of the world.”

John 12:32  –  “And I…will draw all men to Myself.”

Acts 1:7-8  –  “…you shall be My witnesses both in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and even to the remotest part of the earth.”

Acts 10:42  –  “…this is the One who has been appointed by God as Judge of the living and the dead.”


Ephesians 1:10 –  “…an administration suitable to the fullness of the times, that is, the summing up of all things in Christ, things in the heavens and things on the earth…”

Philippians 2:9-11  –  “…God highly exalted Him, and bestowed on Him the name which is above every name, so that at the name of Jesus EVERY KNEE WILL BOW, of those who are in heaven and on earth and under the earth, and that every tongue will confess that Jesus Christ is Lord…”

Colossians 1:18  –  “…He is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead, so that He Himself will come to have first place in everything.”

Hebrews 1:1-2  –  “…His Son, whom He appointed heir of all things…”

1 John 4:14  –  “…the Father has sent the Son to be the Savior of the world.”

Revelation 14:6-7  –  “…an eternal gospel to preach to those who live on the earth, and to every nation and tribe and tongue and people…”


Psalm 2:1-3 Why are the nations in an uproar
And the peoples devising a vain thing?
The kings of the earth take their stand
And the rulers take counsel together
Against the Lord and against His Anointed, saying,
Let us tear their fetters apart
And cast away their cords from us!”

Psalm 2:8  –  “Ask of Me, and I will surely give the nations as Your inheritance,
And the very ends of the earth as Your possession.”

Psalm 24:1  –  “The earth is the Lord’s, and all it contains,
The world, and those who dwell in it.

Psalm 100:1  –  “Shout joyfully to the Lord all the earth.”

Psalm 117:1  –  “Praise the Lord, all nations;
Laud Him, all peoples.”

The Lord Is God

This is a subsidiary post of Lord.
It is also a subsidiary post of God.

Related post:  The Lord as God

In addition to the verses below, consider all the time that “the Lord my God” and “the Lord our God” appear in the NASB.

John 20:28  –  “…’My Lord and my God!'”


Joshua 22:34  –  “…the Lord is God.”

Deuteronomy 4:35  –  “…the Lord, He is God…”

Deuteronomy 4:39  –  “…the Lord, He is God…”

Deuteronomy 6:4  –  “…The Lord is our God…”

1 Kings 18:39  –  “…’The Lord, He is God; the Lord, He is God.’”

Psalm 33:12  –  “…whose God is the Lord…”

Isaiah 9:6  –  “For a child will be born to us…and His name will be called…Mighty God…”

The Rich Young Ruler

Related post:  Following Jesus

The account of the rich young ruler is found in all three synoptic Gospels.

Why the Title “Rich Young Ruler”

Though the phrase “rich young ruler” does not appear per se in any of the three versions, the story is nevertheless known by that name.  Here’s why:

  • In Matthew, the protagonist is identified as
    • a “young man” (Matthew 19:20, 22)
    • who “was one who owned much property” (Matthew 19:22), and whom Jesus alluded to as “a rich man” (Matt 19:23, 24).
  • In Mark, he is called
    • “a man” (Mark 10:17)
    • who “was one who owned much property” (Mark 10:22), and whom Jesus alluded to as “wealthy” (Mark 10:23) and “a rich man” (Mark 10:25).
  • In Luke, he is called
    • a “ruler” (Luke 18:18) and
    • one who “was extremely rich” (Luke 18:23), and whom Jesus alluded to as “wealthy” (Luke 18:24) and “a rich man” (Luke 18:25).

Though the details of the three versions of the story vary slightly, there is no reason to think that there are three different people being described.  It’s clear that Matthew, Mark, and Luke are all referring to the same incident and the same man.  All three accounts tell us that he was a man of means (i.e. rich).  Matthew supplies the detail that he was young, and Luke supplies the detail that he was a ruler.  Therefore, “the rich young ruler” is how the protagonist of the story has come to be known.

The Three Passages

Matthew 19:16-20:16

Mark 10:17-31

Luke 18:18-30

Why Matthew’s Version Is Longer

Matthew’s version (31 verses) is much longer than the other two (Mark, 15 verses; Luke, 13 verses) because he appends to it Jesus’ parable about workers in the vineyard (which Mark and Luke do not record at all).  In fact, some commentators will cite Matthew’s account of the rich young ruler as only Matthew 19:16-30 rather than Matthew 19:16-20:16, as you see above.

The reason that some people do not realize that this parable is part of Matthew’s version of the rich young ruler story because the story seems to end with the end of the 19th chapter – and that matches what Mark and Luke present.  Yet if you look at the last verse in Matthew’s 19th chapter and the 1st verse in his 20th, you see that Jesus continues to speak without any narrative interruption.  What’s going on is that the chapter divisions, which came centuries after the texts were written, in this case were put in the wrong place.  If the story of the rich young ruler was to have ended the chapter, the nineteenth chapter should have continued until Jesus was finished speaking.  I say this on the assumption that you wouldn’t want to put a chapter division in the middle of an uninterrupted discourse by Jesus unless the discourse was so long that it would make the chapter to big (as would be the case with The Sermon on the Mount, which is divided into three chapters, and The Olivet Discourse, which is divided into two chapters).

The Question That Launches the Discussion

Matthew 19:16  –  “…’Teacher, what good thing shall I do that I may obtain eternal life?'”
Mark 10:17  –  “…’“Good Teacher, what shall I do to inherit eternal life?’”
Luke 18:18  –  “…’Good Teacher, what shall I do to inherit eternal life?’”

Jesus’ Answer

Matthew 19:17-19
Mark 10:18-19
Luke 18:19-20

The Young Man’s Response

Matthew 19:20
Mark 10:20
Luke 18:21

Jesus’ Direction

Matthew 19:21
Mark 10:21
Luke 18:22

The Young Man’s Reaction

Matthew 19:22
Mark 10:22
Luke 18:23

Jesus’ Analysis of the Situation

Matthew 19:23-24
Mark 10:23-25
Luke 18:24-25

The Disciples’ Reaction to Jesus’ Analysis

Matthew 19:25
Mark 10:26
Luke 18:26

Jesus’ Response to the Disciples’ Reaction

Matthew 19:26
Mark 10:27
Luke 18:27

Peter’s Follow-Up

Matthew 19:27
Mark 10:28
Luke 18:28

Jesus’ Response to Peter

Matthew 19:28-30
Mark 10:29-31
Luke 18:29-30

The Parable of Workers in the Vineyard

Matthew 20:1-16



This is a subsidiary post of Vocabulary of Seedtime and Harvest.

Related post:  The Parable of the Sower

Matthew 13:5-6 – “…because they had no root, they withered away.”

Matthew 13:20-21 – “….yet he has no firm root in himself…”

Mark 4:5-6 – “…because it had no root, it withered away.

Mark 4:16-17 – “…they have no firm root in themselves…”

Mark 11:20  –  “…they saw the fig tree withered from the roots up.”

Luke 8:13 – “…these have no firm root…”

Romans 15:12 (quoting Isaiah 11:10 below, LXX version)  –  “Again Isaiah says,

Ephesians 3:17-18  –  “…and that you, being rooted and grounded in love…”

Colossians 2:6-7  –  “…having been firmly rooted and now being built up in Him…”

Jude 1:12-13 – “…autumn trees without fruit, doubly dead, uprooted…”

Revelation 5:5  –  “…the Lion that is from the tribe of Judah, the Root of David…”

Revelation 22:16  –  “…I am the root and the descendant of David…”


2 Kings 19:30 (parallel to Isaiah 37:31 below)  –  “…take root downward and bear fruit upward.”

Isaiah 11:1  –  “Then a shoot will spring from the stem of Jesse,
And a branch from his roots will bear fruit.

Isaiah 11:10 (LXX version quoted in Romans 15:12 above)  –  “…nations will resort to the root of Jesse…”

Isaiah 37:31 (parallel to 2 Kings 19:30 above)  –  “…take root downward and bear fruit upward.”

He Who Is Sent, Goes

Or “Go” (to correlate with Sent)

This is a subsidiary post of Sent.

Matthew 8:9

Matthew 28:10

Matthew 28:18-20

Luke 7:8


Isaiah 6:8 – “Then I heard the voice of the Lord, saying, ‘Whom shall I send, and who will go for Us?’ Then I said, ‘Here am I. Send me!’”

Isaiah 55:11  –  “So will My word be which goes forth from My mouth…without succeeding in the matter for which I sent it.”


This is a subsidiary post of Apostles.

Subsidiary post:  He Who Is Sent, Goes

Related posts:

In addition to the following verses, consider also that the word “apostle,” according to the NASB Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance, means “a messenger, one sent on a mission, an apostle” [emphasis added].

Matthew 10:5  –  “These twelve Jesus sent out after instructing them…”

Matthew 10:16  –  “…I send you out as sheep in the midst of wolves…”

Matthew 11:10  –  John the Baptist was sent by God.

Matthew 15:24  –  “…’I was sent only to…'”  –  Jesus was sent only to Israel proper.

Matthew 23:37  –  “”Jerusalem, Jerusalem, who kills the prophets and stones those who are sent to her…”

Mark 1:2-3  –  John the Baptist was sent by God.

Luke 7:27  –  John the Baptist was sent by God.

Luke 9:1-2  –  “…He sent them out to proclaim the kingdom of God and to perform healing.”

Luke 10:1  –  “Now after this the Lord appointed seventy others, and sent them in pairs ahead of Him…”

Luke 11:49-50  –  “…’I will send to them prophets and apostles…'”

John 1:6-8  –  John the Baptist was sent by God.

John 5:36  –  “…that the Father has sent Me.”

John 5:38  –  “…for you do not believe Him whom He sent.”

John 6:29  –  “…’…that you believe in Him whom He has sent.'”

John 7:18  –  “…seeking the glory of the One who sent Him…”

John 8:29  –  “And He who sent Me is with Me…”

John 12:44  –  “…’He who believes in Me, does not believe in Me but in Him who sent Me.'”
John 12:45  –  “He who sees Me sees the One who sent Me.”

John 12:49  –  “For I did not speak on My own initiative, but the Father Himself who sent Me has given Me a commandment as to what to say and what to speak.”

John 13:16  –  “…nor is one who is sent greater than the one who sent him.”

John 20:21  –  “…’…as the Father has sent Me, I also send you.'”

Acts 13:4  –  “…being sent out by the Holy Spirit…”

Acts 22:21  –  Paul was sent to the Gentiles.

Acts 26:17  –  Paul was sent to the Gentiles.

Romans 10:15  –  “How will they preach unless they are sent…”


2 Chronicles 36:15-16  –  “The Lord, the God of their fathers, sent word to them again and again by His messengers…”

Psalm 107:20  –  “He sent His word…”

Isaiah 6:8  –  “Then I heard the voice of the Lord, saying, ‘Whom shall I send, and who will go for Us?’ Then I said, ‘Here am I. Send me!'”

Isaiah 55:11  –  “So will My word be which goes forth from My mouth…without succeeding in the matter for which I sent it.”

Zechariah 7:12  –  “…so that they could not hear the law and the words which the Lord of hosts had sent by His Spirit through the former prophets…”