This is a subsidiary post of Against Understanding.
It is also a subsidiary post of Against Knowledge.
It is also a subsidiary post of Guidance.

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An asterisk indicates that confusion is implied rather than stated explicitly.

Acts 16:20-21  –  “…’These men are throwing our city into confusion…'”

The incident in Ephesus:

Acts 19:29 The city was filled with the confusion, and they rushed with one accord into the theater…

Acts 19:32  –  “…some were shouting one thing and some another, for the assembly was in confusion and the majority did not know for what reason they had come together.”  –  Confusion works against knowledge.  This incident took place in Ephesus.  In order to appreciate the dynamics of confusion,  and how it can be marked, ironically, by an apparent unity of view, see the full account of it in Acts 19:23-41.  

The incident in Jerusalem:

Acts 21:31 –  “While they were seeking to kill him, a report came up to the commander of the Roman cohort that all Jerusalem was in confusion.”  –  See the full account of this Jerusalem incident in Acts 21:27-23:35.

*Acts 26:24-25  –  “While Paul was saying this in his defense, Festus said in a loud voice, “Paul, you are out of your mind! Your great learning is driving you mad.’  But Paul said, ‘I am not out of my mind, most excellent Festus, but I utter words of sober truth.'”

1 Corinthians 14:31-33  –  “…for God is not a God of confusion but of peace, as in all the churches of the saints.”  –  Confusion is not God’s way.  See also Peace Versus Tribulation.


Genesis 11:7  –  “Come, let Us go down and there confuse their language, so that they will not understand one another’s speech.”  –  Confusion spoils understanding.

Exodus 14:24  –  “…and brought the army of the Egyptians into confusion.”

Exodus 23:27  –  “I will send My terror ahead of you, and throw into confusion all the people among whom you come…”

Deuteronomy 7:23  –  “But the LORD your God will deliver them before you, and will throw them into great confusion until they are destroyed.”

Deuteronomy 28:20  –  “The LORD will send upon you curses, confusion, and rebuke, in all you undertake to do, until you are destroyed and until you perish quickly, on account of the evil of your deeds, because you have forsaken Me.”

1 Samuel 7:10  –  “…But the LORD thundered with a great thunder on that day against the Philistines and confused them, so that they were routed before Israel.”

1 Samuel 14:20  –  “…every man’s sword was against his fellow, and there was very great confusion.”

Psalm 55:9  –  “Confuse, O Lord, divide their tongues, for I have seen violence and strife in the city.”

*Ecclesiastes 10:12-15  –  “Words from the mouth of a wise man are gracious, while the lips of a fool consume him; the beginning of his talking is folly and the end of it is wicked madness.  Yet the fool multiplies words. No man knows what will happen, and who can tell him what will come after him?  The toil of a fool so wearies him that he does not even know how to go to a city.”

Isaiah 3:12  –  “…Those who guide you lead you astray and confuse the direction of your paths.”

Isaiah 9:15, 16  –  “…the prophet who teaches falsehood…those who guide this people are leading them astray; and those who are guided by them are brought to confusion.”

Isaiah 22:5  –  “For the Lord GOD of hosts has a day of panic, subjugation and confusion…”

Isaiah 59:4  –  “…They trust in confusion and speak lies…”