This is a subsidiary post of Temptation.
- Against Authority
- Against Godliness (i.e., Ungodliness)
- Men Likened to Animals and Such
- Unreasonable, Unreasoning
Notes on 2 Peter 2:1-22:
- Peter mentions “sensual,” or a cognate, 3 times in this chapter.
- He equates being “sensual” to being “unprincipled.”
- He refers to animals generally.
- He also refers to specific animals: donkey, dog, and sow.
- He defines animals as “unreasoning” and “having no knowledge.”
- He defines an animal as a “creature of instinct.”
- I have stripped down the chapter to focus on these issues.
2 Peter 2:1-22 – “But false prophets also arose among the people, just as there will also be false teachers among you, who will secretly introduce destructive heresies, even denying the Master who bought them, bringing swift destruction upon themselves. Many will follow their sensuality…He condemned the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah to destruction by reducing them to ashes, having made them an example to those who would live ungodly lives thereafter; and if He rescued righteous Lot, oppressed by the sensual conduct of unprincipled men (for by what he saw and heard that righteous man, while living among them, felt his righteous soul tormented day after day by their lawless deeds), then the Lord knows how to rescue the godly from temptation, and to keep the unrighteous under punishment for the day of judgment, and especially those who indulge the flesh in its corrupt desires and despise authority. Daring, self-willed…But these, like unreasoning animals, born as creatures of instinct to be captured and killed, reviling where they have no knowledge, will in the destruction of those creatures also be destroyed, suffering wrong as the wages of doing wrong. They count it a pleasure to revel in the daytime. They are stains and blemishes, reveling in their deceptions, as they carouse with you, having eyes full of adultery that never cease from sin, enticing unstable souls, having a heart trained in greed, accursed children; forsaking the right way, they have gone astray, having followed the way of Balaam, the son of Beor, who loved the wages of unrighteousness; but he received a rebuke for his own transgression, for a mute donkey, speaking with a voice of a man, restrained the madness of the prophet…For speaking out arrogant words of vanity they entice by fleshly desires, by sensuality, those who barely escape from the ones who live in error, promising them freedom while they themselves are slaves of corruption; for by what a man is overcome, by this he is enslaved. For if, after they have escaped the defilements of the world by the knowledge of the Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, they are again entangled in them and are overcome, the last state has become worse for them than the first. For it would be better for them not to have known the way of righteousness, than having known it, to turn away from the holy commandment handed on to them. It has happened to them according to the true proverb, ‘A DOG RETURNS TO ITS OWN VOMIT,” and, “A sow, after washing, returns to wallowing in the mire.'”
Notes on Jude 1:4-10:
- Like Peter, Jude defines animals as “unreasoning.”
- Like Peter, Jude defines animals as creatures of “instinct.”
- Like Peter, Jude is saying false teachers act like animals in this regard.
Jude 1:4-10 For certain persons have crept in unnoticed, those who were long beforehand marked out for this condemnation, ungodly persons who turn the grace of our God into licentiousness and deny our only Master and Lord, Jesus Christ…Now I desire to remind you…that the Lord…destroyed…Sodom and Gomorrah and the cities around them, since they…indulged in gross immorality and went after strange flesh…Yet in the same way these men, also by dreaming, defile the flesh, and reject authority…But these men revile the things which they do not understand; and the things which they know by instinct, like unreasoning animals, by these things they are destroyed.”