Light and Darkness as Metaphors for Knowledge and Ignorance

This is a subsidiary post of Knowledge.
It is also a subsidiary post of Ignorance.
It is also a subsidiary post of Light.

Subsidiary post:  Light and Darkness Applied to Understanding

Related posts:

Modern colloquial usage:

  • “Could you enlighten me, please?”
  • “They kept me in the dark.”

Matthew 5:14, 15, 16  – “You are the light of the world. A city set on a hill cannot be hidden; nor does anyone light a lamp and put it under a basket, but on the lampstand, and it gives light to all who are in the house.  Let your light shine before men in such a way that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father who is in heaven.”  – Compare with Acts 13:47 below.

Luke 2:29, 30, 31, 32 (quoting Isaiah 9:2 below)  –  “…A LIGHT OF REVELATION TO THE GENTILES, and the glory of Your people Israel.”

John 3:19, 20, 21  –  “…the Light has come into the world, and men loved the darkness rather than the Light, for their deeds were evil.  For everyone who does evil hates the Light, and does not come to the Light for fear that his deeds will be exposed.  But he who practices the truth comes to the Light, so that his deeds may be manifested as having been wrought in God.”

John 8:12  –  “…’I am the Light of the world; he who follows Me will not walk in the darkness, but will have the Light of life.'”

John 9:12  – “While I am in the world, I am the Light of the world.”

Acts 13:47 (quoting Isaiah 42:6)  –  “For so the Lord has commanded us, ‘I HAVE PLACED YOU AS A LIGHT FOR THE GENTILES, THAT YOU MAY BRING SALVATION TO THE END OF THE EARTH.'”  –  Compare with Matthew 5:14-16 above.

Acts 26:16, 17, 18  –  “…the Gentiles, to whom I am sending you, to open their eyes so that they may turn from darkness to light and from the dominion of Satan to God…”

Romans 1:21  –  “For even though they knew God, they did not honor Him as God or give thanks, but they became futile in their speculations, and their foolish heart was darkened.”

Romans 2:19  –  “…that you yourself are a guide to the blind, a light to those who are in darkness.”

2 Corinthians 4:6  –  “For God, who said, ‘Light shall shine out of darkness,’ is the One who has shone in our hearts to give the Light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Christ.”

Ephesians 1:18, 19, 20, 21  –  “I pray that the eyes of your heart may be enlightened, so that you will know…”

Ephesians 3:8, 9, 10  –  “…to preach to the Gentiles the unfathomable riches of Christ,
and to bring to light what is the administration of the mystery which for ages has been hidden in God…”

Ephesians 4:17, 18, 19 – “…in the futility of their mind, being darkened in their understanding, excluded from the life of God because of the ignorance that is in them…”

Ephesians 5: 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14  –  “…you were formerly darkness, but now you are Light in the Lord; walk as children of Light (for the fruit of the Light consists in all goodness and righteousness and truth)…Do not participate in the unfruitful deeds of darkness, but instead even expose them; for it is disgraceful even to speak of the things which are done by them in secret.  But all things become visible when they are exposed by the light, for everything that becomes visible is light…and Christ will shine on you.”

Ephesians 6:12  –  “…against the world forces of this darkness…”

1 Peter 2:9, 10  –  “…so that you may proclaim the excellencies of Him who has called you out of darkness into His marvelous light…”

2 Peter 1:19  –  “…the prophetic word made more sure, to which you do well to pay attention as to a lamp shining in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning star arises in your hearts.”

1 John 2:11  –  “But the one who hates his brother is in the darkness and walks in the darkness, and does not know where he is going because the darkness has blinded his eyes.”


Numbers 6:24, 25, 26  –  See note on Psalm 89:15 below.

Job 24:13  –  “Others have been with those who rebel against the light; they do not want to know its ways nor abide in its paths.”

Job 38:2  –  ““Who is this that darkens counsel by words without knowledge?”

Psalm 27:1  –  “The Lord is my light…”

Psalm 82:5 – “They do not know nor do they understand; they walk about in darkness…”

Psalm 88:12  –  “Will Your wonders be made known in the darkness? And Your righteousness in the land of forgetfulness?”

Psalm 89:15  –  “…O Lord, they walk in the light of Your countenance.”  –  Consider this to be the “shine” mentioned in Numbers 6:24, 25, 26.

Proverbs 4:18, 19  –  “…the path of the righteous is like the light of dawn, that shines brighter and brighter until the full day.  The way of the wicked is like darkness; they do not know over what they stumble.”

Isaiah 9:2 (quoted in Luke 2:32 above)  –  “The people who walk in darkness will see a great light; those who live in a dark land, the light will shine on them.”

Isaiah 29:15  –  “Woe to those who deeply hide their plans from the Lord, And whose deeds are done in a dark place, And they say, ‘Who sees us?’ or ‘Who knows us?’”

Isaiah 42:6 (quoted in Acts 13:47)  –  “…I will appoint You as a covenant to the people, as a light to the nations,”

Isaiah 49:6  –  “…I will also make You a light of the nations so that My salvation may reach to the end of the earth.”

Micah 7:8  –  “…though I dwell in darkness, the LORD is a light for me.”

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