Related post: Law
The New Testament was written by Jews and for Jews, and for those Gentiles who were interested. For this reason, the Law of Moses is often discussed in those documents. There was controversy about how it should be regarded going forward.
In a nutshell, the Law of Moses was superseded by the law of Christ. Though this is straightforward, it was not always easy to understand the outworkings of this truth in their context.
Matthew 5:17-20 – This passage shows the connection between the Law of Moses and the teaching of Christ. What follows are examples of this point, such as the Law of Moses forbidding murder but the law of Christ insisting that hatred not even be allowed to take root in the heart. The Law of Moses dealt with outward things (the fruit of sin) while the law of Christ deals with the heart (the root of sin).
Matthew 11:28 – Contrast with the yoke of the Law of Moses in Acts 15:10 below.
John 1:17 – This verse juxtaposes the Law of Moses and the Law of Christ, and show the superiority of the latter. The book of Hebrews is a meaty elaboration on this point.
Acts 15:10 – Contrast with the yoke of Christ in Matthew 11:28 above.
1 Peter 2:16 – Freedom from the Law of Moses was not to be used as a way to hide the evils of the heart.
1 Peter 3:15 – Moses was the earthly lord over the life of all Israelites; Jesus is the heavenly Lord over what goes on in our hearts. This is “the hidden yoke” – for whereas the Israelites were yoked to the Law of Moses we are yoked to the presence of Christ.
Jude 1:4 – This verse makes emphatically clear that freedom from the Law of Moses does not mean lawlessness.