This is a subsidiary post of The Original Creation.
The verses below refer to Adam, Eve, or both. In all cases, the two are viewed as actual people. There is no hint that they are to be regarded as symbolic or mythical figures, or in any other way as different from any other human beings except that they were created first…and differently from the rest of us. By “differently,” I mean, of course, that we were born of them (i.e. descended from them) but they were descended from no one. God created them specially – Adam from dust and Eve from his side.
Another pointer to the historicity of these people are the genealogies which include Adam. These genealogies include people which we have no doubt were historical, and to suggest that some people in genealogies were to be considered mythical is without warrant. Adam’s name appears in those genealogies in just the same way as all the other names.
Yet another indication that the Bible intends for us to regard Adam and Eve as historical is Paul’s extended argument for the historicity of the resurrection of Christ in 1 Corinthians 15:1-58. It’s just too hard to imagine that Paul would consider the historicity of Christ’s resurrection so critical to our faith, and yet the historicity of the original humans as unimportant. This point is seen even more emphatically in that Adam himself is mentioned in this chapter, and as Christ’s chief analogue. The apostle who would not allow a non-historical resurrection is not going to allow a non-historical creation. Besides, if God can raise someone from the dead, can’t He also create one from scratch?
Acts 17:26 – “He made from one man every nation of mankind”
Romans 5:12-19 (especially Romans 5:12, 14)
1 Corinthians 11:8-12
1 Corinthians 15:20-49 (especially 1 Corinthians 15:21, 22, 45)
2 Corinthians 11:3
1 Timothy 2:13
1 Timothy 2:14
Genesis 2:7 – The creation of Adam.
Genesis 2:22 – The creation of Eve.