This is a subsidiary post of Other Names for the Disciples of Jesus Christ.

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The Jews were the descendants of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.  Throughout most of the Old Testament they were called “Israelites.”  In the latter part of Old Testament times and throughout New Testament times, the term “Jews” tended to replace “Israelites.”

While historially being a Jew was a fleshly distinction, through the work of Jesus Christ it has become a spiritual distinction.

People who have only a slight familiarity with the Bible tend to think of Jews as distinct from Christians, but study of the Bible indicates that “Jew” and certainly “true Jew” are terms reserved for “true Christians” (Revelation 2:9; 3:9).

John 4:22  –  “salvation is from the Jews.”

Romans 3:1  –  “what advantage has the Jew?”
Romans 3:2  –  “they were entrusted with the oracles of God”

Romans 9:3, 4, 5  –  “Israelites, to whom belongs the adoption as sons, and the glory and the covenants and the giving of the Law and the temple service and the promises”