This is a subsidiary post of Two Kinds of People in This Age, Spiritually Speaking.
It is also a subsidiary post of Jews.
- “The People” as Referring to the Jews (i.e., God’s singular people)
- “The Peoples” as Referring to the Gentiles (i.e., All the other peoples of the world)
Related post: The People of God
Other common New Testament terms for the Jews: “the people” and “the circumcised” (or “the circumcision”). Synonyms for Gentiles include “the peoples,” “the nations,” “the uncircumcised,” “uncircumcision,” and “Greeks.” References to the Jews in the verses below are shown in bold; the other group or groups are underlined.
John 10:16 – “I have other sheep, which are not of this fold; I must bring them also, and they will hear My voice; and they will become one flock with one shepherd.”
Acts 3:25, 26 – “It is you who are the sons of the prophets and of the covenant which God made with your fathers…For you first, God raised up His servant and sent Him to bless you by turning every one of you from your wicked ways.” – “For you first” 1) speaks of the Jews, and 2) implies that God’s servant was sent for others, too.
Acts 10:1, 2 – “…one who feared God…and gave many alms to the Jewish people…”
Acts 10:28 – “…’Your yourselves know how unlawful it is for a Jew to associate with a foreigner or to visit him…”
Acts 10:45 – “All the circumcised believers who came with Peter were amazed, because the gift of the Holy Spirit had been poured out on the Gentiles also.
Acts 11:19, 20 – “…speaking the word to no one except to Jews alone. But there were some of them…who came to Antioch and began speaking to the Greeks also”
Acts 13:16 – “…Men of Israel, and you who fear God, listen:”
Acts 13:26 – Brethren, sons of Abraham’s family and those among you who fear God, to us the message of this salvation has been sent.”
Acts 13:43 – “…many of the Jews and of the God-fearing proselytes followed Paul and Barnabas…”
Acts 13:45, 46, 47 – “But when the Jews saw the crowds, they were filled with jealousy and began contradicting the things spoken by Paul…Paul and Barnabas spoke out boldly and said, ‘It was necessary that the word of God be spoken to you first; since you repudiate it and judge yourselves unworthy of eternal life, behold, we are turning to the Gentiles. For so the Lord has commanded us, ‘I HAVE PLACED YOU AS A LIGHT FOR THE GENTILES, THAT YOU MAY BRING SALVATION TO THE END OF THE EARTH’.'”
Acts 14:2 – “But the Jews who disbelieved stirred up the minds of the Gentiles and embittered them against the brethren.”
Acts 14:5 – “And when an attempt was made by both the Gentiles and the Jews with their rulers, to mistreat and to stone them,”
Acts 14:27 – “…and how He had opened a door of faith to the Gentiles.” – The Jews are not explicitly mentioned in this verse.
Acts 16:1 – “…Timothy, the son of a Jewish woman who was a believer, but his father was a Greek,”
Acts 17:1, 2, 3, 4 – “…the Jews…And some of them were persuaded and joined Paul and Silas, along ith a large number of the God-fearing Greeks and a number of the leading women.”
Acts 17:17 – “So he was reasoning in the synagogue with the Jews and the God-fearing Gentiles…”
Acts 18:5-6 – “…testifying to the Jews that Jesus was the Christ…From now on I will go to the Gentiles.”
Acts 21:11 – “…the Jews at Jerusalem will bind the man who owns this belt and deliver him into the hands of the Gentiles.”
Acts 21:21 – “…that you are teaching all the Jews who are among the Gentiles to forsake Moses…”
Acts 26:17 – “rescuing you from the Jewish people and from the Gentiles, to whom I am sending you,”
Acts 26:22, 23 – “…the Christ was to suffer, and that by reason of His resurrection from the dead He would be the first to proclaim light both to the Jewish people and to the Gentiles.”
Romans 1:16 – “…to the Jew first and also to the Greek.”
Romans 3:9 – “…both Jews and Greeks are all under sin;”
Romans 3:29 – “Or is God the God of Jews only? Is He not the God of Gentiles also? Yes, of Gentiles also, since indeed God who will justify the circumcised by faith and the uncircumcised through faith is one.”
Romans 9:24 – “even us, whom He also called, not from among Jews only, but also from among Gentiles.”
Romans 15:8-12 – “For I say that Christ has become a servant to the circumcision on behalf of the truth of God to confirm the promises given to the fathers, and for the Gentiles to glorify God for His mercy; as it is written, ‘THEREFORE I WILL GIVE PRAISE TO YOU AMONG THE GENTILES, AND I WILL SING TO YOUR NAME’. Again he says, ‘REJOICE, O GENTILES, WITH HIS PEOPLE.’ And again, ‘PRAISE THE LORD ALL YOU GENTILES, AND LET ALL THE PEOPLES PRAISE HIM.’ Again Isaiah says, ‘THERE SHALL COME THE ROOT OF JESSE, AND HE WHO ARISES TO RULE OVER THE GENTILES, IN HIM SHALL THE GENTILES HOPE’.”
1 Corinthians 1:23 – “but we preach Christ crucified, to Jews a stumbling block and to Gentiles foolishness,”
1 Corinthians 7:18-19 – “Was any man called when he was already circumcised? He is not to become uncircumcised. Has anyone been called in uncircumcision? He is not to be circumcised. Circumcision is nothing, and uncircumcision is nothing, but what matters is the keeping of the commandments of God.”
Galatians 2:7-9 – “But on the contrary, seeing that I had been entrusted with the gospel to the uncircumcised, just as Peter had been to the circumcised (for He who effectually worked for Peter in his apostleship to the circumcised effectually worked for me also to the Gentiles), and recognizing the grace that had been given to me, James and Cephas and John, who were reputed to be pillars, gave to me and Barnabas the right hand of fellowship, so that we might go to the Gentiles and they to the circumcised.
Galatians 2:14 – “But when I saw that they were not straightforward about the truth of the gospel, I said to Cephas in the presence of all, “If you, being a Jew, live like the Gentiles and not like the Jews, how is it that you compel the Gentiles to live like Jews?”
Galatians 2:15 – “”We are Jews by nature and not sinners from among the Gentiles;”
Galatians 3:28 – “There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free man, there is neither male nor female; for you are all one in Christ Jesus.”
Galatians 5:6 – “For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision nor uncircumcision means anything, but faith working through love.”
Ephesians 2:11-13 – “Therefore remember that formerly you, the Gentiles in the flesh, who are called “Uncircumcision” by the so-called “Circumcision,” which is performed in the flesh by human hands–remember that you were at that time separate from Christ, excluded from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers to the covenants of promise, having no hope and without God in the world. But now in Christ Jesus you who formerly were far off have been brought near by the blood of Christ.”
1 Samuel 17:26 – “…For who is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should taunt the armies of the living God?”