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To testify is to bear witness, and the result is testimony.  Those testifying are witnesses.  They are giving testimony about what they have seen and heard.

Testimony is highly regarded in the Bible.  It is a reliable means of communicating truth, unless the witnesses are false.  This is not only true in the Bible, it is true in all human experience.  You and I are accepting testimony from others all day long.  It is how we have come to know most of the things we know.  Even scientists learn more from lectures and books (forms of testimony) than they learn from conducting experiments.

Matthew 11:4 (same as Luke 7:22 below)  –  Jesus is instructing John’s disciples to return to John and give their testimony.

Luke 7:22 (same as Matthew 11:4 above)

John 3:11  –  Testimony has to do with what a person knows first-hand.

John 3:32

John 18:37  –  The 1977 version of the NASB reads “to bear witness to the truth” in place of “to testify to the truth.”  Obviously, these are synonymous expressions.  See also note on 1 John 5:9 below.

Acts 20:24

Acts 22:18

1 John 5:9  –  “If we receive the testimony of men, the testimony of God is greater; for the testimony of God is this, that He has testified concerning His Son.”  –  Similar to what’s described in the note on John 18:37 above, note that where the NASB speaks of “the testimony of,” the King James Version speaks of “the witness of.”  Thus we should regard “testimony” and “witness” as synonymous terms.
1 John 5:9 KJV  –  “If we receive the witness of men, the witness of God is greater: for this is the witness of God which he hath testified of his Son.”


Exodus 20:16 (same as Deuteronomy 5:20 below)

Deuteronomy 5:20 (same as Exodus 20:16 above)


two or three witnesses”  –  The value of two or three witnesses for confirming important facts is mentioned in the following verses:  Matthew 18:16; 2 Corinthians 13:1; 1 Timothy 5:19; Hebrews 10:28; *** Deuteronomy 17:6; 19:15.  (This is an exhaustive list based on a search of the NASB for [two three witness].)  See also Multiple Witnesses Make Us Sure.