Law

This is a subsidiary post of Vocabulary of Lordship.

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Most occurrences of “law” in the Old Testament are a translation of the Hebrew word “torah” which Strong’s defines as “direction, instruction, law.”  The Jews often define the word as “teaching” or “instruction” or “doctrine.”  It seems to me that the best alternative translation to “law” is “teaching” or “instruction.”  More precisely, “law” carries a connotation of legal code; therefore, I think “authoritative teaching,” while awkward, might be the best English expression of this Hebrew word.  For a survey of the Old Testament verses in which this word occurs, see Torah.

Matthew 5:17  –  the Law or the Prophets
Matthew 5:18  –  the Law

Matthew 7:23  –  LAWLESSNESS

John 7:49  –  the Law

Romans 13:8  –  the law
Romans 13:9
Romans 13:10  –  the law

1 Corinthians 9:21  –  without law, the law of God, the law of Christ

Galatians 6:2  –  the law of Christ

Titus 2:14  –  lawless (compare “lawless deeds” here to “wicked ways” in Acts 3:26)

Hebrews 1:9 (quoting Psalm 45:7)  –  LAWLESSNESS  –  In Psalm 45:7 the word shows up as “wickedness.”

James 1:21-25 (especially James 1:25)  –  the perfect law, the law of liberty

James 2:8  –  the royal law  –  The NASB marginal note gives as an alternate translation: “the law of our King”
James 2:9  – the law
James 2:10  –  the whole law
James 2:11  –  the law
James 2:12  –  the law of liberty
James 2:13

James 4:11  –  the law
James 4:12 (alluding to Isaiah 33:22 below)  –  Lawgiver

2 Peter 2:8  –  lawless

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Isaiah 33:22 (alluded to in James 4:12 above)  –  lawgiver  –  The underlying Hebrew word is not related to “torah,” described above.

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