Synonyms for the New Testament

This is a subsidiary post of New Testament.
It is also a subsidiary post for Apostles.

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The New Testament is the collective extant written testimony of the apostles of Jesus.  Through it, we have our access to the Old Testament…and all that God has promised to those who love Him.

The New Testament is the apostles’ testimony, the apostolic word, the apostolic deposit.  Just as the Old Testament is “the prophetic word” (2 Peter 1:19), so the New Testament is “the apostolic word.”

We have every reason to believe the apostles, for they are to Jesus on earth what the prophets were to God in heaven: Luke 24:25; 2 Chronicles 20:20 (see notes on this verse below); John 6:29.

I am using “synonym” in a very loose sense.  That is, I’m not trying to say that every one of these phrases is speaking about the New Testament, but rather that there is a way to see each phrase as having application to the New Testament.  It is a way of helping us appreciate more just what we have in the New Testament documents.  They are all the writings we have from those whom Jesus personally sent to teach us about Himself and His ways.


Matthew 7:24, 26  – “these words of Mine”  (Were not the apostles speaking for Him?)

Matthew 11:1  –  “When Jesus had finished giving instructions to His twelve disciples, He departed from there to teach and preach in their cities.”

Matthew 11:29, 30  –  “…My yoke…”

Matthew 13:12  –  “what he has” (compare with Revelation 2:25 below)

Matthew 24:14  –  “This gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in the whole world as a testimony to all the nations…”

Matthew 26:13  –  “…wherever this gospel is preached in the whole world…”

Matthew 28:20  –  “teaching them to observe all that I commanded you…”

Mark 7:9  –  “the commandment of God”  –  Consider in light of 2 Peter 2:21 below.

Luke 1:20  –  “my [i.e. Gabriel’s] words, which will be fulfilled in their proper time

Luke 1:45  –  “what [has] been spoken to [us] by the Lord

Luke 6:46  –  “what I say

Luke 6:47  –  “My words” (i.e. Jesus’ words)

Luke 8:11  –  “the word of God

Luke 8:15  –  “the word

Luke 11:49  –  “For this reason also the wisdom of God said…”

Luke 16:16  –  “…since that time the gospel of the kingdom of God has been preached…”

Luke 22:20 (quoted in 1 Corinthians 11:25 below)  –  “…the new covenant in My blood.”

John 1:16  –  “…grace upon grace.”

John 1:17  –  “…grace and truth…”

John 6:68  –  “…You have words of eternal life.”

John 7:16  –  “…My teaching is not Mine, but His who sent Me.”  –  Jesus is saying that His interpretation of the Old Testament was not original, but that He had received it from God.  Like the apostles’ teaching was not original with them, but they had received it from Jesus.  Compare to 2 Timothy 3:10 below.

John 8:31  –  “My word”  (i.e. Jesus’ word)

John 8:32  –  “the truth

John 17:20  –  “their word”  (i.e. the apostles’ word)

John 20:30-31  –  “…this book…”

Acts 2:42  –  “They were continually devoting themselves to the apostles’ teaching…”

Acts 7:38  –  “…he received living oracles to pass on to you.”

Acts 8:12  –  “…Philip preaching the good news about the kingdom of God and the name of Jesus Christ…”

Acts 10:44  –  “…the Holy Spirit fell upon all those who were listening to the message.”

Acts 13:26  –  “…the message of this salvation…”

Acts 13:43  –  “…urging them to continue in the grace of God.”

Acts 13:44  –  “…nearly the whole city assembled to hear the word of the Lord.”

Acts 13:45 – “…they were filled with jealousy and began contradicting the things spoken by Paul…”

Acts 13:46  –  “…the word of God…”

Acts 15:11  –  “…we are saved through the grace of the Lord Jesus…”

Acts 15:32  –  “…encouraged and strengthened the brethren with a lengthy message.”  –  Contrast with Hebrews 13:22.

Acts 15:40  –  “…being committed by the brethren to the grace of the Lord.”

Acts 16:14  –  “…and the Lord opened her heart to respond to respond to the things spoken by Paul.”

Acts 17:11  –  “…they received the word with great eagerness, examining the Scripture daily to see whether these things were so.”

Acts 18:25  –  “This man had been instructed in the way of the Lord…”

Acts 18:26  –  “…explained to him the way of God more accurately.”

Acts 20:24  –  “…the ministry which I received from the Lord Jesus, to testify solemnly of the gospel of the grace of God.”

Acts 20:32  –  “…I commend you to God and to the word of His grace which is able to build you up and to give you the inheritance among all those who are sanctified.”

Acts 22:18  –  “[apostolic] testimony about [Christ]”

Acts 26:25  –  “…I utter words of sober truth.”

Acts 27:11  –  “what was being said by Paul”

Acts 27:25  –  “…it will turn out exactly as I have been told.”

Romans 1:9  –  “…I serve in my spirit in the preaching of the gospel of His Son…”

Romans 1:15  –  “…I am eager to preach the gospel to you also…”

Romans 3:2  –  “…they were entrusted with the oracles of God.”

Romans 5:2  –  “…this grace in which we stand…”

Romans 10:15  –  “…GOOD NEWS OF GOOD THINGS!”

Romans 10:17  –  “So faith comes from hearing, and hearing by the word of Christ.”

Romans 11:29  –  “for the gifts and the calling of God are irrevocable.”

Romans 15:4  –  “For whatever was written in earlier times was written for our instruction…”

Romans 15:19  –  “…I have fully preached the gospel of Christ.”

Romans 16:17  –  “…the teaching which you learned…”

Romans 16:25  –  “…the preaching of Jesus Christ…”

1 Corinthians 1:21  –  “…God was well-pleased through the foolishness of the message preached to save those who believe.”

1 Corinthians 1:24  –  “…Christ the power of God and the wisdom of God.”

1 Corinthians 2:4  –  “…my message and my preaching…”  (i.e. Paul’s message and preaching)

1 Corinthians 3:10  –  “According to the grace of God which was given to me…”

1 Corinthians 4:7  –  “…What do you have that you did not receive? And if you did receive it, why do you boast as if you had not received it?”  –  Correlate with 1 Thessalonians 2:13 below.

1 Corinthians 11:25 (quoting Luke 22:20 above)  –  “…the new covenant in My blood…”

1 Corinthians 14:36, 37  –  “Was it from you that the word of God first went forth? Or has it come to you only?  If anyone thinks he is a prophet or spiritual, let him recognize that the things which I write to you are the Lord’s commandment.

1 Corinthians 15:1  –  “the gospel…preached to you

1 Corinthians 15:11  –  “so we preach and so you believed.

2 Corinthians 4:4  –  “…the gospel of the glory of Christ…”

2 Corinthians 4:5  –  “…wepreachChrist Jesus as Lord…”

2 Corinthians 5:19  –  “…He has committed to us the word of reconciliation.”

2 Corinthians 10:5 – “We are destroying speculations and every lofty thing raised up against the knowledge of God…”

2 Corinthians 12:9  –  “My grace is sufficient for you”


2 Corinthians 13:14  –  “The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ…”

2 Corinthians 13:14  –  “…the love of God…”

2 Corinthians 13:14  –  “…the fellowship of the Holy Spirit…”

Galatians 1:6  –  “…who called you by the grace of Christ, for a different gospel;”

Galatians 1:8 – “But even if we, or an angel from heaven, should preach to you a gospel contrary to what we have preached to you…

Galatians 1:9 – “…if any man is preaching to you a gospel contrary to what you received…”

Galatians 2:5  –  “…so that the truth of the gospel would remain with you.”

Galatians 2:21  –  “I do not nullify the grace of God…”  –  We could say, “I do not nullify the [new covenant], for if righteousness comes through the [old covenant], then Christ die needlessly.”

Galatians 6:2  –  “Bear one another’s burdens, and thereby fulfill the law of Christ.”

Ephesians 3:8  –  “…to preach to the Gentiles the unfathomable riches of Christ,”

Ephesians 6:4  –  “…bring them up in the discipline and instruction of the Lord.”
Ephesians 6:4 KJV  –  “…bring them up in the nurture and admonition of the Lord.”

Philippians 4:9  –  “The things [we] have learned and received and heard and seen in [Paul and the other apostles]”

Philippians 4:23  –  “The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ…”

Colossians 1:5  –  “the word of truth

Colossians 1:5  –  “the gospel

Colossians 3:16  –  “Let the word of Christ richly dwell within you…”

1 Thessalonians 2:4  –  “…we have been approved by God to be entrusted with the gospel…”

1 Thessalonians 2:13  –  “the word of God” (see also 1 John 2:14 below)
1 Thessalonians 2:13 NASB 1977  –  “when you received from us the word of God’s message you accepted it not as the word of men, but for what it really is, the word of God”  –  Correlate with 1 Corinthians 4:7 above and Revelation 2:25 below.

1 Thessalonians 4:1  –  “…that as you received from us instruction as to how you ought to walk and please God (just as you actually do walk), that you excel still more.”
1 Thessalonians 4:2  –  “…commandments we gave you by the authority of the Lord Jesus.”

1 Thessalonians 5:12  –  “…have charge over you in the Lord and give you instruction,”

2 Thessalonians 1:10  –  “[apostolic] testimony

2 Thessalonians 1:12  –  “…according to the grace of our God and the Lord Jesus Christ.”

2 Thessalonians 3:14  –  “If anyone does not obey our instruction in this letter…”

1 Timothy 1:5  –  “But the goal of our instruction is love from a pure heart and a good conscience and a sincere faith.”

1 Timothy 1:8-11 – “…and whatever else is contrary to sound teaching…”

1 Timothy 1:15  –  “It is a trustworthy statement, deserving full acceptance…”

1 Timothy 3:1  –  “It is a trustworthy statement…”

1 Timothy 4:9  –  “It is a trustworthy statement deserving full acceptance.”

2 Timothy 2:1  –  “…the grace that is in Christ Jesus.”

2 Timothy 2:2  –  “The things which you have heard from me in the presence of many witnesses, entrust these to faithful men who will be able to teach others also.

2 Timothy 2:7  –  “Consider what I say…”

2 Timothy 2:11  –  “It is a trustworthy statement…”

2 Timothy 2:15  –  “…accurately handling the word of truth.”

2 Timothy 3:10  –  “Now you followed my teaching…”  –  Consider Paul’s use of the term “my teaching” in the light of Jesus’ use of the same term in John 7:16 above.

2 Timothy 3:14  –  “the things you have learned and become convinced of

2 Timothy 3:15  –  “the sacred writings

2 Timothy 4:22  –  “…Grace be with you.”

Titus 1:4  –  “…Grace and peace from God the Father and Christ Jesus our Savior.

Titus 1:7-9 – “…holding fast the faithful word which is in accordance with the teaching, so that he will be able both to exhort in sound doctrine and to refute those who contradict.”

Titus 3:8  –  “This is a trustworthy statement…”

Hebrews 2:1  –  “what we have heard

Hebrews 2:3  –  “…After it was at first spoken through the Lord, it was confirmed to us by those who heard,”

Hebrews 4:2 –  “For indeed we have had good news preached to us…”

Hebrews 4:12  –  “For the word of God is living and active and sharper than any two-edged sword, and piercing as far as the division of soul and spirit, of both joints and marrow, and able to judge the thoughts and intentions of the heart.”

Hebrews 5:12  –  “…you have need again for someone to teach you the elementary principles of the oracles of God…”

Hebrews 13:7  –  “the word of God

Hebrews 13:22  –  “…bear with this word of exhortation, for I have written to you briefly.”  –  Contrast with Acts 15:32.

Hebrews 13:25  –  “Grace be with you all.”

James 1:21-22  –  “Therefore, putting aside all filthiness and all that remains of wickedness, in humility receive the word implanted, which is able to save your souls.  But prove yourselves doers of the word…”

James 2:8  –  “…the royal law…”

James 2:12  –  “So speak and so act as those who are to be judged by the law of liberty.”


1 Peter 1:2  – “…May grace and peace be yours in the fullest measure.”

1 Peter 1:13  –  “…the grace to be brought to you at the revelation of Jesus Christ.”

1 Peter 5:12  –  “…I have written to you briefly, exhorting and testifying that this is the true grace of God. Stand firm in it!”

2 Peter 1:2  –  “Grace and peace be multiplied to you in the knowledge of God and of Jesus our Lord;”

2 Peter 2:20-21  –  “For if, after they have escaped the defilements of the world by the knowledge of the Lord and Savior Jesus Christ…For it would be better for them not to have known the way of righteousness, than having known it, to turn away from the holy commandment handed on to them.”

2 Peter 3:2  –  “…and the commandment of the Lord and Savior spoken by your apostles.”

2 Peter 3:15  –  “…our beloved brother Paul, according to the wisdom given him, wrote to you

2 Peter 3:18  –  “but grow in the grace and knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ

1 John 1:1  –  “the word of life

1 John 1:5  –  “This is the message we have heard from Him and announce to you…”

1 John 2:14  –  “the word of God” (see also 1 Thessalonians 2:13 above)

1 John 2:24  –  “what you heard from the beginning

2 John 1:9  –  “the teaching of Christthe teaching…”

2 John 1:10  –  “…this teaching…”

3 John 1:9  –  “…what we say.”

Jude 1:3  –  “the faith which was once for all handed down to the saints

Jude 1:4  –  “…ungodly persons who turn the grace of our God into licentiousness…”

Revelation 1:1  –  “the revelation of Jesus Christ

Revelation 2:7  –  “what the Spirit says

Revelation 2:25  –  “what you have” (compare with Matthew 13:12 and 1 Thessalonians 2:13 above)

Revelation 12:17  –  “…and hold to the testimony of Jesus.”

Revelation 22:7  –  “…the words of the prophecy of this book.”

Revelation 22:19  –  “…the words of the book of this prophecy…”

Revelation 22:21  –  “the grace of the Lord Jesus


2 Samuel 7:27  –  “For You, O LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, have made a revelation to Your servant…”

2 Chronicles 20:20  –  “…put your trust in the Lord your trust in the Lord your God and you will be established.  Put your trust in His prophets and succeed.”  –  We put our trust in the Lord by putting our trust in what His spokesmen have said.  Thus Jesus saying “My word” (e.g. John 8:31) = “their word“(e.g. John 17:20).  Thus also what Jesus commanded (Matthew 28:20) is what the apostles taught (1 Corinthians14:37).  Thus also John 17:20 speaks of the same dynamic as does 1 Thessalonians 2:13.  Thus also John 5:39-47; 17:20; Acts 20:32; and Revelation 22:21 all speak to the same dynamic:  God speaks to us through Jesus through the apostles through the New Testament.  Further to this point, see We Believe God by Believing Those Whom He Has Sent.

Ezra 7:25  –  “You, Ezra, according to the wisdom of your God which is in your hand…”

Psalm 1:2  –  “the law of the Lord

Psalm 19:7  –  “the testimony of the Lord”  (John 18:37)

Psalm 19:8  –  “the precepts of the Lord

Psalm 19:8  –  “the commandment of the Lord

Psalm 19:9  –  “the judgments of the Lord

Psalm 107:20  –  “His word

Jeremiah 15:16  –  “Your words” (as in 1 Thessalonians 2:13 above)

Micah 6:8  –  This verse is an apt description of what God has done in the New Testament.  That is, “He has told you [in and through the New Testament], O man, what is good…”



a testimony  –  Matthew 24:14
a new covenant  –  2 Corinthians 3:6; Hebrews 8:8, 13; 9:15; 12:24
the new covenant  –  Luke 22:20; 1 Corinthians 11:25
good news of good things  –  Romans 10:15
grace  –  Hebrews 13:25
grace and peace  –  Titus 1:4; 1 Peter 1:2; 2 Peter 1:2
grace to the humble  –  James 4:6
instruction  –  1 Thessalonians 5:12; 2 Thessalonians 3:14; 1 Timothy 1:5
instruction as to how you ought to walk and please God  –  1 Thessalonians 4:1
living oracles
 –  Acts 7:38
the apostles’ teaching
 –  Acts 2:42
the book of the law  –  Joshua 8:34; 2 Kings 22:8, 11; 2 Chronicles 34:15; Nehemiah 8:3
the book of the law of God  –  Joshua 24:26
the book of the law of the Lord  –  2 Chronicles 17:9; 34:14; Nehemiah 9:3
the book of the Lord  –  Isaiah 34:16
the calling of God  –  Romans 11:29; 2 Peter 1:10
the commandment of the Lord  –  Psalm 19:8
the commandment of the Lord and Savior spoken by your apostles  –  2 Peter 3:2
the discipline and instruction of the Lord
 –  Ephesians 6:4
the faith  –  Acts 6:7; 13:8; 14:22; Galatians 6:10; 1 Timothy 4:1; 5:8; 6:10, 21
the faith in the Lord Jesus  –  Ephesians 1:15
the faith of the gospel  –  Philippians 1:27
the faith of the saints  –  Revelation 13:10
the faith that is in Christ Jesus  –  1 Timothy 3:13
the faith which he once tried to destroy  –  Galatians 1:23
the faith which was later to be revealed  –  Galatians 3:23
the faith which was once for all handed down to the saints  –  Jude 1:3
the fellowship of the Holy Spirit  –  2 Corinthians 13:14
the gift of God  –  Ephesians 2:8
the gifts of God  –  Romans 11:29
the good news about the kingdom of God and the name of Jesus Christ  –  Acts 8:12
the good news of the promise made to the fathers  –  Acts 13:32
the gospel  –  Colossians 1:5
the gospel of Christ  –  Romans Romans 15:19
the gospel of God  –  1 Thessalonians 2:8
the gospel of His Son  –  Romans 1:9
the gospel of the glory of Christ
  –  2 Corinthians 4:4
the gospel of the grace of God  –  Acts 20:24
the gospel of the kingdom of God  –  Luke 16:16
the grace and knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ  –  2 Peter 3:18
the grace of Christ  –  Galatians 1:6
the grace of God  –  Acts 13:43
the grace of our God  –  Jude 1:4
the grace of the Lord  –  Acts 15:40
the grace of the Lord Jesus  –  Acts 15:11; Revelation 22:21
the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ  –  2 Corinthians 13:14; Philippians 4:23
the grace that is in Christ Jesus  –  2 Timothy 2:1  
the holy commandment  –  2 Peter 2:21
the judgments of the Lord  –  Psalm 19:9
the knowledge of the Lord and Savior Jesus Christ  –  2 Peter 2:20
the law of Christ  –  Galatians 6:2
the law of liberty  – James 2:12
the law of the Lord  –  Psalm 1:2; 19:7
the Lord’s commandment  –  1 Corinthians 14:37
the love of God  –  2 Corinthians 13:14
the message  –  Acts 10:44
the message of this salvation  –  Acts 13:46
the nurture and admonition of the Lord  –  Ephesians 6:4 KJV
the oracles of God  –  Romans 3:2; Hebrews 5:12
the preaching of Jesus Christ  –  Romans 16:25
the precepts of the Lord  –  Psalm 19:8
the revelation of Jesus Christ  –  1 Peter 1:13; etc.
the royal law  –  James 2:8
the testimony of Jesus  –  Revelation 12:17
the testimony of the Lord  –  Psalm 19:7
the truth  –  John 8:32
the way of God  – Acts 18:26
the way of righteousness  –  2 Peter 2:21
the way of the Lord  –  Acts 18:25
the wisdom of God  –  1 Corinthians 1:24
the word of Christ  –  Romans 10:17; Colossians 3:16
the word of God  –  Luke 8:11; Acts 13:46; 1 Thessalonians 2:13; 1 John 2:14; etc.
the word of reconciliation  –  2 Corinthians 5:19
the word of the Lord  –  Acts 13:44
the word of truth  –  Colossians 1:5
this gospel  –  Matthew 26:13
this gospel of the kingdom  –  Matthew 24:14
this letter  –  Colossians 4:16; 1 Thessalonians 5:27; 2 Thessalonians 3:14
what the Spirit says  –  Revelation 2:7
what we have heard  –  Hebrews 2:1
what we say  –  3 John 1:9
what you have  –  Revelation 2:25
what you heard from the beginning  –  1 John 2:24
words of eternal life  –  John 6:68

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