Vocabulary of Faith

This is a subsidiary post of Faith.
It is also a subsidiary post of Vocabularies.

Subsidiary post:

If we want to learn faith as the apostles and prophets taught it in the Scriptures, we have to become familiar with the various words they used when talking about faith (most of all, faith in Christ).  Here then is the beginning of a lexicon (dictionary, glossary) which you can use to study faith as it is presented in the Scriptures.

We start with words like “faith” and “belief.”  We add synonyms and antonyms.  Then we add descriptors of faith (e.g. “sincere”) and attributes of faith (“assurance”).  In the end, we should have here a robust listing of words associated with faith…so that we might better understand what the Bible is teaching us about it.

By the way, I’ve copied the synonyms of faith from this list and made a post just of them for particular focus:  Synonyms and Antonyms for Faith.

accept  –  John 3:11; 3 John 1:9

assurance  –  Hebrews 3:14; 11:1

full assurance”  –  This expression is found in 3 Bible verses:  Colossians 2:2 and Hebrews 6:11; 10:22.

assure  –  1 John 3:19

assured  –  Acts 7:17

fully assured”  –  This expression is found in 2 Bible verses:  Romans 4:21 and Colossians 4:12.

believe – To “believe” is synonymous with “having faith.”  1 Corinthians 1:21

believe in – “Believe in” is generally synonymous with “believe.”  Acts 16:31

believer  –  Contrast with “unbeliever” below.  Occurs in 4 Bible verses, all in the New Testament.

believers  –  Contrast with “unbelievers” below.  Occurs in 7 Bible verses, all in the New Testament.

boldness  –  a characteristic associated with faith (Ephesians 3:12).

certain  –  The achievement of certainty requires diligence: 2 Peter 1:10.  Faith is to “know for certain” (Acts 2:36).

certainty  –  Ephesians 5:5; *** Joshua 23:13

confidence  –  Hebrews 4:16; 10:35

confident  –  a characteristic associated with faith (Ephesians 3:12), allowing us to be confident in the face of great opposition (Psalm 27:3).  However, “confident assertions” are not always indicative of sincere faith (1 Timothy 1:5, 7).

confirmed  –  2 Corinthians 13:1  (as in “Do you trust the source?  Is it confirmed?” – as with a newspaper reporter)

consider as true  –  Hebrews 11:19

conviction  –  Romans 14:22; Hebrews 11:1

full conviction”  –  This expression occurs in 1 Bible verse:  1 Thessalonians 1:5.

convinced  – Romans 8:38; 14:14; Philippians 1:25; 2 Timothy 3:14

fully convinced”  – This expression occurs in 1 Bible verse:  Romans 14:5

disbelieve  –  1 Peter 2:7

double-minded  –  related to “doubt” below (James 1:6-8)

doubt  –  See James 1:5-8.  See also Faith Is Not Doubt.  The Scriptures do not portray doubt as having redeeming value:  Matthew 21:21; Mark 11:23; Romans 14:22, 23; James 1:6.  In fact, they portray doubt as mutually exclusive with faith – that the presence of faith means the absence of doubt.

established  –  Colossians 1:23; 2:7

faith – “Faith” is synonymous with “belief.”  Colossians 2:5

fear – There are different kinds of fear.  As for fear of the Lord, it is nascent or embryonic faith.  We begin with respect for Him and reverence toward Him.  Then, as we learn more and more about His greatness and His love toward us, that initial awe grows and fully blossoms into faith.  Psalm 128:1 represents the fundamental Old Testament posture toward God (fear of the Lord), but in the New Testament, since it carries the revelation of God’s nature through Jesus Christ (Romans 1:16, 17; Galatians 3:23), that fundamental posture becomes one of faith.

firm  –  1 Corinthians 16:13; 2 Corinthians 1:24; Philippians 1:27; 1 Peter 5:9.

firmly  –  Colossians 1:23; 2:7.

has/have  –  Romans 14:22.  We must have what we have (been given) lest it be taken from us (Matthew 13:12).

has faith”  –  This expression occurs in 3 Bible verses:  Romans 3:26; 14:12 and James 2:14.

have faith”  –  This expression occurs in 7 Bible verses:  Matthew 17:20; 21:21; Mark 11:22; 2 Thessalonians 3:2; Hebrews 10:39; James 2:18; *** Job 39:12.

hope  –  Hope and faith are related, but are not the same thing (1 Corinthians 13:13; Hebrews 11:1).

insincere  –  see “sincere” below

persuade  –  1 John 3:19 (NASB marginal note says “assure” = “persuade”)

persuaded  –  Acts 27:11

rely on – To “rely on” someone is to “trust” them which is also to “believe” them which is also to have “faith” in them.  Isaiah 50:10

shrinking back  –  Hebrews 10:38

sincere  –  1 Timothy 1:5; 2 Timothy 2:5

stability  –  a characteristic associated with faith (Colossians 2:5).  Contrast with “unstable” below.

steadfast –  Colossians 1:23

sure  –  2 Peter 1:19

the faith  –  This expression occurs in 38 Bible verses, all in the New Testament, including Acts 6:7 and Jude 1:3.

trust – To trust is to believe.  Deuteronomy 1:32

trust in – “Trust in” in generally synonymous with “trust.”  Psalm 37:3

unbelief  –  An antonym of faith.  This word appears in 10 Bible verses, all in the New Testament (note that 3 of the 13 listed are found in NASB text headings which are technically not part of the text).  Matthew 13:54-58 and Mark 6:1-6 are two examples.

unbeliever  –  Contrast with “believer” above.  Occurs in 4 Bible verses, all in the New Testament.

unbelievers  –  Contrast with “believers” above.  Occurs in 6 Bible verses, all in the New Testament.

unbelieving  –  This word occurs in 11 Bible verses, all in the New Testament, including Hebrews 3:12.

unstable  –  contrary to “faith” (James 1:6, 7, 8; 2 Peter 3:16).  Contrast with “stability” above.

unwavering  –  James 3:17

waver –  contrary to “faith” (Romans 4:20; *** Psalm 26:1); like being “double-minded” above.

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