Old Testament Verses Which Speak of the Lord as Father

This is a subsidiary post of Lord.
This is a subsidiary post of The Lord as Father.

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Some people think that when Jesus taught His disciples to pray “Our Father…” that He was introducing a new way to address God.  However, that God was considered a father was a well-established fact in Old Testament thinking.

These verses from the Old Testament, either explicitly or implicitly, speak of the Lord as a father.

Exodus 4:22-23  (implicit; also note connection with Hosea 11:1 below)

Deuteronomy 1:31  (implicit)

Deuteronomy 14:1  (implicit)

Deuteronomy 32:6  (explicit)

Psalms 103:13  (by analogy)

Proverbs 3:11-12  (explicit, and confirmed by Hebrews 12:5-6)

Isaiah 1:2  (implicit)

Isaiah 30:9  (implicit)

Isaiah 43:6  (implicit)

Isaiah 63:16  (explicit)

Isaiah 64:8  (explicit)

Jeremiah 3:4  (explicit)

Jeremiah 3:19  (explicit)

Jeremiah 3:22  (implicit)

Jeremiah 31:9  (explicit)

Hosea 11:1  (implicit; quoted in Matthew 2:15)

Malachi 1:6  (explicit)

Malachi 2:10  (explicit; though it’s possible here that the reference could be to Abraham)

Malachi 3:17  (by analogy)

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