Related post: Synonyms for “king” in Israel (“Judge” is such a synonym)
Do we think often enough of Jesus as Judge?
First, let’s settle that He is Judge of heaven and earth: John 5:22, 26-27; Acts 10:42; 17:31; Romans 2:16.
Now, let’s think about what that means by what various scriptures have to say about the role of a “judge,” and, specifically, “the judge of heaven and earth.”
Luke 12:42 – Jesus was not made judge until after His resurrection from the dead. Even then, He judged only the church until His coming in the kingdom of God, at which time He inherited all things.
Luke 18:2 – Jesus is the judge to whom we can go for legal protection from our opponent, Satan.
John 5:22 – The judgment that God used to do is now done through Jesus Christ.
John 5:26-27 – Jesus Christ is exercising the same sort of judgment previously executed by God.
Acts 10:42 – “this is the One who has been appointed by God as Judge of the living and the dead.” – Jesus is, of course, “the One.”
Acts 17:31 – All judgment is through Christ, because this is the day of Christ (see Romans 2:16 below).
Romans 2:16 – The “day” of which Paul speaks here is “the day of Christ,” which has come. We live in the day of Christ. It is an eternal day and will never end (Isaiah 9:6-7).
1 Corinthians 4:5 – You are not the judge; I am not the judge. The Lord Jesus is the judge.
2 Corinthians 5:10 – “the judgment seat of Christ”
2 Timothy 4:1 – “Christ Jesus, who is to judge the living and the dead”
James 4:12 – The Lord Jesus is judge. Leave room for His role and don’t try to fill it yourself.
James 5:9 – This judge is, of course, Jesus. He was standing at the door in that age…and has since walked through it. He sits as judge of the nation still…and always will.
1 Peter 1:17 – Jesus “impartially judges according to each one’s work.” Therefore, let us “conduct ourselves in fear during the time of [our] stay on earth.”
1 Peter 2:23 – “…but kept entrusting Himself to Him who judges righteously;”
Genesis 18:25 – Shall not Jesus do right?
Psalm 19:9 – The judgments of the Lord Jesus “are true; they are righteous altogether.”
Psalm 105:7 (1 Chronicles 16:14) – The judgments of the Lord Jesus are in all the earth, even though we may not recognize them.
Isaiah 2:4 – Jesus is the Lord who as Judge would “render decisions for many people” in “the last days” (that is, the days of the New Testament: Hebrews 1:1). See also Micah 4:3 below.
Isaiah 33:22 – To the Old Testament saints, this Lord was the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. To us, this Lord is that but He is also, and even more so, the Lord Jesus Christ.
Micah 4:3 – As in Isaiah 2:4 above, Jesus is the Lord who would reign as Judge in the last days, rendering decisions for many people. Even though those last days are past, His reign continues forever.