This is a subsidiary post of Scripture.
In the New Testament writings, the apostles identify many, many Old Testament prophecies that were fulfilled in Jesus Christ. However, the Old Testament is three times as long as the New Testament and there are many more prophecies of Christ that were fulfilled in New Testament times, and yet not explicitly recorded by the apostles. Here is the beginning of a list of them.
Surely the hearts of the apostles and disciples were thrilled as they read such verses in their Scriptures (i.e. what we call the Old Testament). These, along with the ones we see identified in the New Testament Psalm 118:22, were surely the kinds of verses in view when discussions like the ones in Acts 17:2-3 and Acts 17:10-11 took place. We can share some of their excitement just by reading and reflecting on such verses.
(By the way, I am keeping the list below to prophecies per se. That is, I’m not going to include types and shadows, which would swell the list significantly.)
Numbers 11:29 – We see a spectacular fulfillment of this hope on the day of Pentecost described in Acts 2. We then see an ongoing fulfillment of it described in 1 Corinthians 12-14. See especially 1 Corinthians 14:31 which says, “For you can all prophesy…”
Job 8:7 – Jesus’ kingdom began with the sign “King of the Jews” tacked to the top of the cross on which He was shamed and killed. Could His kingdom have had a more insignificant beginning?
Psalm 50:5 – Certainly we see that during New Testament times, the “godly” of Israel were gathered to the Lord through Jesus Christ. Their covenant with God was made through the sacrifice of Jesus Himself.
Psalm 110:3 – The people of God “volunteered freely” in New Testament times.
Isaiah 9:6-7 – The child written about in Matthew’s and Luke’s infancy narratives is “the son” that was “given.” He grew up, and then was raised up, to become all those great things: Wonderful Counselor and so on.
Isaiah 51:1 – Jesus is the rock from which the NT church was hewn.
Isaiah 51:2 – Jesus was Abraham (the bridegroom) and the church was Sarah (the bride). The love between them begat many children.
Isaiah 51:3 – We see the markings of Eden in the New Testament gatherings. We also can read in Hebrews 12:22 that they’re gatherings were indeed called the true “Zion.”
Isaiah 56:8 – In New Testament times, the Lord God gathered the dispersed of Israel – “yet others were gathered to those already gathered.” Who were the “already gathered”? The little flock (Luke 12:32) that Jesus left when He ascended into heaven. See Zechariah 4:10 also, for it testifies of the “small beginning” as well.
Isaiah 60:1-3 – Had not “the glory of the Lord risen” upon the New Testament church? And did not the nations (that is, the Gentiles) come to that reflected glory beginning with Cornelius in Acts 10? And was not Saul of Tarsus called to minister the gospel to such people (Acts 15:14).
Jeremiah 17:5-8 – Throughout the book of Acts, especially in the beginning when the action is taking place in Jerusalem, we see the contrast between those Jews who trusted in the Lord and those who trusted in the flesh. We see God’s blessing fall upon the humble, those who trusted the Lord. We also see God’s curse on the proud, those who put their trust in the approval of others (John 5:44; 12:43; Matthew 23:5).
Daniel 12:3 – The apostles led the New Testament church to righteousness, and the New Testament church, through the description of its behavior in the New Testament, has been leading the many to righteousness ever since.
Haggai 2:9 – The latter glory of the house of Israel in New Testament times (i.e. the days of the New Testament church, which was the house of the greater son of David, Jesus our Lord) was greater than the former glory of the house of Israel under David and Solomon. The latter glory was greater in both quantity and quality (i.e. it was spiritual rather than physical, heavenly rather than earthly, godly rather than worldly).
Zechariah 4:10 – As we saw in Job 8:7 above, the beginning of Jesus was insignificant – very, very small. Yet He is “the firstborn of all creation” (Colossians 1:15).
Malachi 4:2 – Was not Jesus the brightest light of righteousness that any of these Jews had ever seen?